What is JEE: Mains and advance, Syllabus, Exam Pattern, Dates

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What is JEE?

The Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) is a national level common entrance exam held for admission to various engineering colleges in India by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India, and the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), New Delhi.

The Joint Entrance Examination is an engineering entrance examination held in India to determine eligibility for admission to various engineering institutes. It is made up of two separate exams: the JEE Main and the JEE Advanced.

The goal of the common admission test is to alleviate stress on students who must appear for several entrance examinations and to give greater importance to school curriculum, particularly the class 12 board examinations.

Candidates interested in pursuing a career in engineering and technical studies should take the exam. Aside from that, the JEE exam is a gateway to some of India’s most prestigious engineering universities (both public and private). Those who pass the JEE Main exam will be able to apply for admission to some of the best colleges in the country, as the exam’s results are accepted by these institutions. Those who pass JEE Main will be eligible to take the JEE Advanced exam, which is the second round of the exam. Those who succeed in JEE Advanced will be admitted to one of the IITs.


The JEE examination was first established in 2002 and was renamed in April of 2017. This national test is required for entrance to a variety of undergraduate Engineering and Architecture programmes. National Institutes of Technology (NITs) and Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs) accept students who pass the JEE Main examinations (IIITs)

Until 2018, the Central Board of Secondary Education was in charge of organising JEE-Main (CBSE). It was held both on paper and electronically before being taken over by the National Testing Agency in 2019. (NTA). It is now held twice a year in a computer-based format.

What is NTA?

The National Testing Agency (NTA) was founded as a prominent, specialised, autonomous, and self-sustaining testing organisation to conduct entrance tests for admission/fellowship in higher educational institutions. It is a newly constituted entity by the centre that is responsible for conducting prestigious entrance exams such as JEE Main and NEET UG. From 2019 onwards, the Agency will have full jurisdiction to conduct entrance examinations in an online format.

JEE Overview

JEE (Joint Entrance Exam) is a nationwide exam that is used to gain admission to engineering schools. JEE is divided into two sections: JEE Main and JEE Advanced. Because the exam is online/computer oriented, candidates must be computer literate. JEE is regarded as one of the most difficult exams in the world. Every year, the exam’s difficulty level rises, and the number of people who take it rises as well. Every year, about 12 lakh people compete for 11000 places in 23 different IITs.

There is a huge merit marks difference between the student’s of reserved and unreserved category, as the candidates belongs to UR category (unreserved category)  have to face high cut off then the reserved category candidates.

The IIT JEE is a national level engineering entrance exam that has two stages: 

  • JEE Mains 
  • JEE Advanced

JEE Main is a screening exam that determines who will be qualified to take JEE Advanced, which is the final exam that decides who will be admitted to elite IITs. The Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) is held every year by the IITs to choose applicants for the 4-year B.Tech, B.Pharm, 5-year B.Arch, Integrated M.Sc., and M.Tech programmes.

Name of Exam Joint Entrance Exam (Mains) JEE Main
Exam Duration 3 hours for BTech/ BArch/ BPlan

3.5 hours for BArch and B.Planning both

4 hours for PwD candidates

Total Questions BE/BTech: 90

BArch: 82

BPlan: 105

Total Marks 300 Marks
Total Frequency in a year Two times a year
Exam Medium 13 Languages

(English, Hindi, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Marathi, Malayalam, Odia, Punjabi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu)

Examination Category Undergraduate Level Exam
Exam Conducting Authority NTA (National Testing Agency)
Marking Scheme 4 for each correct response

-1 for each incorrect response

No marks for unattempted questions

Purpose Admissions to 31 NITs, 26 IIITs and 34 GFTIs
Mode of Examination Computer-based Test (CBT) for BE/ BTech/ BArch/ B.Planning

Pen and paper-based test (PBT) for Drawing section in BArch

Test Centres The exam centres will be allotted as per the choice of cities of the candidates made in their online Application form.
JEE Main Official Website nta.ac.in
Courses offered through Entrance Exam BE/BTech, BArch, BPlanning
No. of Test Cities 501 in India

13 abroad

JEE Eligibility

The National Testing Agency (NTA) has issued the JEE Main 2022 eligibility criteria. Candidates can verify the qualifying conditions set forth by the NTA for taking the exam here. All candidates must check their eligibility before applying for the exam, or their application will be rejected. The information packet contains all of the details about the JEE Main 2022 eligibility criteria.

Candidates who do not meet the fundamental eligibility requirements will be ineligible to apply, and their applications may be withdrawn at any moment during the admissions process. Candidates should make sure they meet all of the requirements before filling out the application form.

Age Limit

There is no upper age limit for applicants who want to take the JEE Main exam. Candidates should, however, satisfy themselves with the age limit before enrolling in a certain institute.

Qualifying Examination (QE) Year of Appearance

Only candidates who passed class 12 or its equivalent qualifying examination in 2020 or 2021 are eligible. Candidates who will be taking their final exams in class 12 are also eligible.

Number of topics in the qualifying examination

 To apply online for JEE Main 2022, candidates must have taken at least five subjects in their qualifying test in class 12. In order to be considered for a B.Arch. degree, the candidate must have completed qualifying examinations in physics, chemistry, and mathematics.

Percentage of Marks

Candidates must get at least 75% in total to get into top schools in India, like the IITs and the CFTIs. For reserved categories, however, it is 65 percent.

Eligibility for B.Arch

The paper-II is for B.Arch students. Candidates who want to enrol in this programme must have completed 10+2 or its equivalent with a minimum of 50% in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. Those who hold a diploma are ineligible to apply.

JEE Reservation

The NTA will rigorously adhere to the Government of India’s reservation policies, with specific kinds of people being allowed to seats allotted for them based on more lenient criteria. Candidates are recommended to check the percentage of reservation when applying for admission to a certain institute.

If you are a general category student then your cut off marks will be higher then the other categories students, However if you belongs under EWS Category then you will get such benefits for jee exams.

Scheduled Castes (SC) 15%
Scheduled Tribes (ST) 7.5%
Person with Disability (PwD) 5%
GEN-EWS candidates: 10%
Women Candidates 5%

JEE Application Process

JEE Main Application form

For the JEE Main examination, candidates must apply online using the NTA’s official website. It is recommended that candidates review the steps for JEE Main registration.

Step 1: Go to NTA’s official website, www.nta.ac.in.

Step 2: Select JEE Main from the engineering tab.

Step 3: A new page, www.jeemain.nic.in, will appear.

Step 4: Go to the homepage and click on the Apply JEE link (Main)

Step 5: There are two tabs for candidates to choose from: Fresh Candidate Registration and Registered Candidates.

Step 6: Candidates are recommended to use their Aadhaar numbers to register.

Step 7: Submit your application online.

Step 8: Double-check the phone number and email address.

Step 9: Pay the application cost as directed.

Step 10: Complete the slot reservation.

Step 11: Send in your information and print the acknowledgement sheet.

JEE Application Fees

The application fee can be paid using a credit/debit card (excluding Master/Visa)/Net Banking or an e-challan issued during the online submission of the application form through the State Bank of India’s online payment portal. Any other means of payment, such as Money Order (MO), Demand Draft (DD), Initial Public Offering (IPO), and so on, would be rejected.

Online Mode (Computer Based Test)
For Exam Centres In India
Exam Category For Boys For Girls
Paper 1 (B.E/B.Tech) Or Paper 2 (B.Arch/B.Planning) For General/OBC (Non-Creamy Layer) INR 650/- INR 325/-
For SC/ST/PwD/Transgender INR 325/- INR 325/-
Or Paper 2B: (B.Arch/B.Planning) For General/OBC (Non-Creamy Layer) INR 650/- INR 325/-
For SC/ST/PwD/Transgender INR 325/- INR 325/-
For Exam Centres In India
Paper 1 (B.E/B.Tech) Or Paper 2 (B.Arch/B.Planning) For General/OBC (Non-Creamy Layer) INR 3000/- INR 1500/-
For SC/ST/PwD/Transgender INR 1500/- INR 1500/-
Or Paper 2B: (B.Arch/B.Planning) For General/OBC (Non-Creamy Layer) INR 6000/- INR 3000/-
For SC/ST/PwD/Transgender INR 3000/- INR 3000/-

JEE Mains Exam Pattern

Candidates who seek a seamless JEE preparation process must be familiar with the JEE Main test pattern. It aids students in gaining a thorough understanding of the marking method, question distribution, sectional weighting, and exam time. The JEE Main exam has a new pattern. There are three papers instead of two. Paper 1 is for students interested in B.E./B.Tech programmes at NITs, IIITs, DTU, and other GFTIs, whereas Paper 2A is for B.Arch. programmes at NITs, IIITs, DTU, and other GFTIs. Paper 2B is for these institutes’ B.Planning programmes.

Candidates can acquire a good perspective on the exam structure by understanding the exam pattern. Students are recommended to gain a thorough overview of the paper design and devise a suitable study plan or approach for better performance.

There are three main parts to the JEE Main Paper 1: Maths, Physics, and Chemistry. 

In Paper 2A, there are three parts: Maths and Drawing. 

Questions from Paper 2B will be based on Mathematics, Aptitude, and Planning. 

Candidates have the option of taking the test in one or both sessions. There will be 90 questions in total, with applicants having a total of 75 questions to attempt, same to previous year. The total number of marks allotted are 300.

All of the papers are computer-based online assessments, with the exception of Paper 2A, which is conducted offline using pen and paper. All three Papers have a three-hour exam duration.

JEE Main Paper 1 (B.E or B.Tech Courses)

  • Exam Mode:  Online computer-based exam where students will be required to mark their solutions by selecting one option
  • Exam time: 3 hours.

The questions will come from physics, chemistry, and maths areas.

  • Type of Question: Questions will be of many types including objective multiple-choice and numerical-based questions.
  • There will be a total of 90 questions on the paper, with 20 in section A and 10 in section B. For each subject – Physics, Chemistry, and Maths – candidates can attempt 75 questions (300 marks), including 20 questions in section A and 5 questions in section B.

JEE Main Paper 1 Marking Scheme

  • Negative marking has been implemented in Section B, unlike in previous years.
  • Each correct answer will receive four points, while each erroneous response will receive one point. This holds true for both multiple-choice and numerical-based questions.
  • Unanswered questions do not receive any points.

JEE Main Paper 2A (B.Arch Courses)

  • Exam Mode: Part I: Mathematics and Part II: Aptitude Test (Computer Based Test (CBT)

Part-III: Drawing Test in “Pen and Paper” (offline) mode, to be completed on an A4-sized drawing page.

  • Exam Time: 3 hours
  • The Mathematics section consists of 20 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and 10 numerical value-based questions. Only five out of ten numerical questions must be attempted.
  • There are 50 multiple-choice questions in the Aptitude section.
  • The Drawing Test comprises two questions that will assess your sketching and drawing abilities.

JEE Main Paper 2A Marking Scheme

  • In the Mathematics and Aptitude portions, 4 marks will be awarded for each correct answer, while 1 mark will be deducted for each erroneous response.
  • Both MCQs and numerical-based questions are subject to negative grading of one mark.
  • There is no penalty for not attempting a question.
  • Marks will be awarded for the Drawing test based on the candidate’s drawing abilities.

JEE Main Paper 2B (B.Planning Courses)

  • Exam Mode: This is a computer-based exam
  • Exam time: 3 hours
  • The test is divided into three sections: mathematics, general aptitude, and planning skills.
  • The Mathematics section consists of 20 multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and 10 numerical value-based questions. Only five out of ten numerical questions must be attempted.
  • There are 50 questions in the aptitude section and 25 questions in the planning section. There are multiple-choice questions in both parts.

JEE Main Paper 2B Marking Scheme

  • Each correct answer will be worth four marks, while each erroneous response will be worth one mark.
  • Both MCQs and numerical-based questions are subject to 1 mark of negative marking.
  • There is no penalty for failing to attempt a question.
  • Note: Only use the Rough Sheet provided during the Test for all computations and writing.
  • Candidates should hand over the rough sheets to the invigilator once the exam is completed.

JEE Exam Syllabus

Paper 1 (B.E./B.Tech) of the JEE Main Syllabus includes topics from three different subjects: physics, chemistry, and mathematics. The NCERT Syllabus for Class 11 and 12 covers several topics that are featured in the JEE Main syllabus. As a result, individuals wishing to pass the JEE Main and Advanced examinations must have a thorough comprehension of the subjects covered in the NCERT textbooks for classes 11 and 12.

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This is an overview of the syllabus for JEE Main 2022 (as recommended by the NTA). The main topics are also listed, along with their weightage in terms of marks. The detailed, concept-by-concept JEE Main 2022 syllabi for Physics, Chemistry, and Maths are as follows:

JEE Main Physics Syllabus


Physics and Measurement Thermodynamics
Kinematics Rotational Motion
Gravitation Work and Energy
Power Properties of Solids and Liquids
Laws of Motion Electronic Devices
Oscillations Waves
Current Electricity Electromagnetic Waves
Communication Systems Electromagnetic Induction
Magnetism Alternating Currents
Magnetic Effects of Current Kinetic Theory of Gases
Dual Nature of Matter Radiation
Atoms Nuclei
Optics Electrostatics


JEE Mains Chemistry Syllabus


Physical Chemistry
Basic concepts in Chemistry States of Matter
Chemical bonding Atomic Structure
Solutions Solutions
Redox Reactions Chemical Thermodynamics
Equilibrium Electrochemistry
Surface Chemistry Chemical Kinetics

Organic Chemistry

Polymers Principles of Practical Chemistry
Organic Compounds – Characterisation and Purification Oxygen, Halogens, and Nitrogen Organic Compounds
Hydrocarbons Biomolecules
Basics of Organic Chemistry Chemistry in everyday life

Inorganic Chemistry

Hydrogen Classification of Elements
Periodicity Alkali metals
Group 13 to Group 18 Elements Alkaline earth metals
D and f block elements Coordination compounds
Environmental chemistry Isolation of metals


Chemistry is divided into three divisions, each of which is interconnected. Candidates should begin by studying Physical Chemistry before going on to the other two sections. To improve one’s reasoning skills, practise solving various types of questions such as matching, multiple-choice, and assertion reason questions.

JEE Mains Mathematics Syllabus


Sets, Relations, and Functions Complex Numbers
Determinant Quadratic Equations
Matrices Permutations Combinations
Mathematical Induction Sequence Series
Binomial Theorem Limits and Continuity
Differentiability Statistics
Differential Equations Integral Calculus
Trigonometry Vector Algebra
Coordinate Geometry Mathematical Reasoning
3D Geometry Probability


The topics addressed in Maths are a good mix of simple and advanced. Maths is simple to score if students gain a strong grasp of the fundamental ideas. By practising frequently, you can focus on developing concepts and improving numerical solving skills.


Frequently asked Questions(FAQs)

1. What are the JEE Mains qualifying marks?

Ans: The qualifying scores for the JEE Main 2022 exam will be announced along with the final result. The qualifying cutoff for JEE Mains 2022 is the minimum score that candidates must get in order to be considered for JEE Advanced.

2. Is it necessary to study NCERT for JEE Main?

Ans: The contents contained in NCERT textbooks are mapped onto the JEE Main syllabus. Every year, around 35 percent to 40 percent of JEE Main questions are based on principles presented in NCERT texts.

3. Can we give both Paper 1 and Paper 2 of the JEE Main Exam?

Ans: Yes, in JEE Mains , you can take both Paper-1 and Paper-2. If you only want to take the Engineering Entrance Exam, choose paper 1. You can choose paper 2 if you want to take the Architecture entrance test.

4. Which caste certificate is necessary for the JEE mains examinations?

Ans: According to the current criteria, just the OBC NCL caste certificate from the central government is necessary for JEE MAINS and Advanced. This certificate must be in the correct format as specified by JEE

5. What are the minimum qualifying marks for the JEE mains examination?

Ans: The passing marks for the JEE Main 2022 exam varies by category. Candidates in the general category must achieve a minimum aggregate score of 75%. For the SC/ST/PWD groups, they must score at least 65% in total.